Автор Тема: Свидетельство о грамотности 50-х годов и значок  (Прочитано 10715 раз)

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Свидетельство  о грамотности 50-х годов и значок
Obv. inscription: 扫除文盲奖章 “Eliminate Illiteracy (campaign) award/badge”
Upon the founding of new China in 1949, 80 percent of Chinese could neither read nor write. Illiteracy, the biggest obstacle that hindered the country’s development, became an important problem demanding a prompt solution for new China.
A vigorous mass campaign to eliminate illiteracy was launched nationwide right after the founding of new China. Literacy classes were set up in various places; factories, countryside, troops and streets. All the Chinese joined the literacy campaign with great enthusiasm. The first national drive of this kind was launched in 1952. Premier Zhou initiated the second round literacy campaign by calling on the whole nation to embrace modern science and technology. Two years later, Marshal Chen Yi said the campaign to eliminate illiteracy helped 600 million people open their eyes, which marked the beginning of the third round.
Thanks to the campaign to eliminate illiteracy, a total of 150 million people took part in various literacy classes across the country from 1949 to 1960.
Throughout the 60 years since the founding of new China, the campaign to eliminate illiteracy has never stopped. China has consolidated nine-year compulsory education and eliminated illiteracy among young and middle-aged people, with the illiteracy rate for adults reduced to 9.08 percent and that among young and middle-aged people to below 4 percent.
In 1956 Chinese writing system has been changed and simplified characters started to use. This helped much millions of people to read and write more easily.
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